Scientific Proof of the Existence of Natural Rights Found in the Constructal Law
By Michael T. Takac
This article is about a discovery of a universal relationship so powerful and elegant, so ancient and vast, so simple and profound that it includes human affairs relative to flow, encompassing “unalienable Rights”—Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness—an animate pattern found in the physical constructal law.
The constructal law discovered in 1996 by American Professor Adrian Bejan, J.A. Jones Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Duke University in North Carolina. The constructal law governs evolution in biology, physics, technology, and social organization and is an outgrowth of the laws of thermodynamics and generally states:
“For a flow system to persist in time (to live), it must evolve freely such that it provides greater access to its currents.”
The following is an enlightening, exuberant, and paradigm-shifting exploration that fundamentally transforms our understanding of “unalienable Rights” through the prism of the constructal law.
Overview of the Science
The scientific method provides an optimal way to study repeatable patterns that may lead to discovery of a law in nature. This optimization hinges on the quality of metrology and on mankind’s ability to decipher the empirical without bias. Both of these factors are fallible but over time have served us well.
The argument: The celebrated “unalienable Rights” Thomas Jefferson claimed in the U.S. Declaration of Independence (US 1776)—“Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”—correspond to the bio-primitives found in all living systems down to the single-cell level. To exemplify, once an organism comes to (1) “Life,” it must have the (2) freedom (“Liberty”) within its domain, (3) in “the pursuit of” survival; otherwise, there is no life. Underlying the time and energy expended, or the work involved, in “the pursuit of” survival or any other objective, supports the notion that most accomplishments result in some form of chemical/electrical positive feedback or “Happiness” for humans.
Symmetry: The symmetric pattern of [“unalienable Rights”] relative to the constructal law: “For a flow system to persist in time (to live) [“Life”], it must evolve freely [“Liberty”] such that it provides greater access [“the pursuit of”] to its currents [“Happiness” (positive feedback)].
Hypothesis: “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness (positive feedback)” are an animate interpretation of the constructal law.
The empirical: The second law of thermodynamics deals with the direction of flow. For example, the flow from a high pressure aerosol hair spray can, travels from a high pressure (inside the can) to a lower pressure, outside the can. You never see the aerosol going back into the can. The same with temperature, the thermal flow goes from high temperature to lower temperature. And with electricity, electron flow moves from a high potential voltage taking the path of least resistance to a lowered potential. The most visible illustration of electron flow is in a lightning bolt during a storm.
This lightning bolt takes on the familiar treelike structure, exhibiting the nature of the constructal law, where pressure flow and temperature flow takes on similar treelike structures within their gradient of motion.
From those gradients, the universe is brimming with the wonders of change by the dynamics of flow. The constructal law operates on this dynamic, while guiding the freedom of flow towards the path of least resistance. As flow migrates along the path of least resistance, the outcome morphs the universe into configuration.
After the Big Bang, the flow from pure energy morphed into the elements found in the Periodic Table. From those elements, planets having atmospheric and fluid-bearing, vascularized common patterns were formed.
As this morphing continued on Earth, from inanimate to animate, resulted in vascularized, treelike patterns throughout the living universe similar to the hierarchical branching patterns found in the flow of traffic, social organization, communication, markets, and other human activities. It’s as if there is a miraculous design in nature, orchestrated by the constructal law.
Understanding treelike patterns are the footprint of the constructal law, we may search the history of governance for the ones having the most efficient, the greatest innovation, in those hierarchical branching patterns found in the flow of traffic, social organization, communication, markets, and other human activities, and in the aggregate, promoting a positive experience (“Happiness” in general).
The conclusion based on historical empirical data, the observed optimum form of governance suggests, are the ones who embrace and protect the individual’s “unalienable Rights” from the crimes of others and from the crimes of government; coming full circle to life’s bio-primitives flowing throughout nature having such reliability—and are so simple and repeatable—they can be said to reflect a universal behavior found in living nature, as Thomas Jefferson labeled these bio-primitives as “unalienable Rights,” and through science, these Rights are the animate interpretation of the physical constructal law.
An additional data point by viewing the evening satellite photo comparing North and South Korea. Zooming in on South Korea there is an abundance of vascularized, treelike patterns, branching out from city centers to the suburbs extending out to the rural regions. At the border there is a sharp contrast in North Korea, where there are few vascularize treelike patterns. A simple repeatable pattern between Liberty (South Korea) and tyranny (North Korea).
The Objective: The third edition (“Scientific Proof of Our Unalienable Rights,” by Michael T. Takac) covers the constructal relationship on the topics of morality, economics, and the rule of law embracing science, which may in turn enrich our philosophy taking humanity on a different level, a new direction, covering social system dependency on the physical laws of nature, entertaining an innovative form of exploration within the social and political sciences. By shifting focus to this known law of nature, useful societal insights may develop through the innovative application thereof, as with any other law of nature. As we morally followed the laws of aerodynamics physically lifted humanity to new levels of height, so to, morally following the constructal law may advance social-systems to new civil levels.
For example, morality is an outgrowth of “unalienable Rights,” where “morality” and “code of conduct” are two different manifestations of the same concept. That is, in forming a group, the objective of morality is the genesis as well as the evolution of a subjective code of conduct, while following a code of conduct becomes a moral event preserving the life of the group. In other words, a social flow representing a constructal behavior by going with the flow minimizing social resistance; hence, the empirical diversity found throughout the world today and recorded history in common group characteristics pertaining to: language, belief, customs, economics, etc.
The physical laws of nature are also a “code of conduct.” In general, when morally following the physical laws of nature, wittingly or not, approaches “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”; otherwise, the result approaches “Death, Tyranny, or the pursuit of Failure.”
One may find inconsistencies across nature with the unalienable right to life in that all animal life depends on the killing of other living things (animals or plants) for food, and in a sense, the world is like one big restaurant. Humans are free to dine in a universe where they might, in turn, become the next meal satiating the appetite of viruses, parasites, cancer, etc. Nature is neither cruel nor kind, it is indifferent as it gives all living things the right to life through liberty in the pursuit of survival or happiness. In this case, survival includes the evolution of reproductive quantity, self-defense, and hunting skills
The task is not to cover any new laws or rights that have never before been thought of but rather to place before mankind the common sense of the subject, in language plain and firm, with the intent to inspire assent and justify an enlightened stand, which I hope many will be compelled to take.
Without aiming at a given philosophy or sentiment, my book is intended to be an expression of the living universe, both physically and socially, as seen through the prism of the constructal law, and to give to that expression the tone and spirit called for by the property of Symmetry.
In the end, many may find this work to be corroborative of the facts and principles that support Jefferson’s “self-evident” claim about our “unalienable Rights,” a founding principle of the U.S. Constitution defining a social experiment in governance. Within a short period of 200 years of its founding, this governance brought global change like no other in recorded history through advances in technology, food production, and medicine; a social empirical data point offers a compelling example of what can happen when our “unalienable Rights” are morally free to flow (the constructal law) within the awesome machinery of nature.
As one of our Founding Fathers John Adams once stated, “Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.”
In this election year, the populous should focus on and the ruling-class to heed Adams’ warning and become “moral” stewards of our US Constitution, a guide in governance to follow a physical law in nature. For the physical laws of nature are omnipotent and cannot be changed by any man-made law or philosophy.
“Scientific Proof of Our Unalienable Rights,” by Michael T. Takac, 2012.
“Design in Nature,” by Adrian Bejan and J. Peder Zane, 2012.
On the Horizon: Professor Adrian Bejan’s new book titled, “The Physics of Life: The Evolution of Everything,” to be release May 2016.
Michael T. Takac
Image Source: danfador/Pixabay
License: CC0 Public Domain
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